We are excited to welcome 13 new Hope Fund scholars this year. Ten are beginning their undergraduate studies this fall on scholarships received from Northwestern University; Bridgewater, Roanoke, St. Olaf, and Union Colleges; the Universities of Findlay and Rochester; and the State University of New York in Binghamton. The other three received scholarships from Kenyon and Roanoke Colleges and the University of Bridgeport and will begin their studies in spring 2018, pending approval of their visa applications.


Growing up in Nablus, Khaled Aboughoush attended the Pioneers Baccalaureate School and was selected for three competitive U.S. Department of State-funded programs: the English Access Microscholarship (Access) Program, the Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) Lincoln Incentive Grants Program, and the Kennedy-Lugar Youth Exchange and Study (YES) program, through which he spent a year of high school in Denver, Colorado. That year was formative, says Khaled, and motivated him to continue his education in the United States. This fall, Khaled entered Northwestern University in Illinois with plans to major in industrial engineering and a long-term goal of expanding job opportunities for Palestinian youth. He is optimistic about the impact that he and his fellow Hope Fund students can make, saying, “Through us, we can make a change. It’s going to be a cycle. It’s not going to be like a one-year change, it’s going to be over the years.”


Ahmed Abu Sultan will start a degree program in physics at Roanoke College in Virginia in spring 2018. Talented and ambitious, he is deeply interested in the pursuit of scientific knowledge, especially through experimental and empirical research. His intellectual curiosity helps him to employ innovative scientific solutions as a public service, such as when, at age 17, he created something close to artificial snow to entertain children traumatized by violence. Ahmed hopes to become a renowned scholar in quantum physics one day, a dream he is now working toward with the help of the Hope Fund. “The Hope Fund has put me on the right track to fast progress towards achieving my goal,” Ahmed says. “I am already excited about this journey at Roanoke, especially as I have been given maximum support to reach my full potential.”


Mohammed Abumuaileq is a freshman at the University of Rochester, where he is studying biomedical engineering with a minor in political science. Mohammed, who grew up with five siblings in a refugee family in Gaza, recalls having few opportunities to improve his English skills. That changed when he qualified for the YES program, enabling him to spend a year of high school in Kansas City, Missouri. Mohammed is thrilled to attend a university with many resources and opportunities where he can pursue his diverse interests. The Hope Fund scholarship, in his words, “really means living the dream…you can do a major in natural science [and] a minor in social science. There is so much available to you—and you actually enjoy what you’re doing.”


Raised in a small village outside of Hebron, Haitham Al-Atawneh has been an academic achiever throughout his schooling. He was selected for the Access Program and won a scholarship to complete his secondary education at the Eastern Mediterranean International School, a prestigious private international boarding school in Tel Aviv. Haitham, who had dreamed of studying abroad since he was young, will major in biochemistry at Bridgewater University in Virginia. The Hope Fund “is going to change my future. Getting to have this level of education […] is something that will bring a lot of success and a lot of benefits,” Haitham says, not only to the students but also their families and communities.


Hadeel Al-Hayek is pursuing a double major in psychology and biology at the University of Findlay in Ohio. She traces her longstanding passion and advocacy for mental health awareness to her own experience witnessing the effects of conflict on children while growing up in Toffah, Gaza. She initiated a first-of-its-kind public debate on girls’ right to safety and education and participated in virtual exchange meetings between Palestinian students and peers from Western countries, an experience she describes as “sharpening her cultural literacy.” She is thankful for the opportunity to continue her studies in the United States, and wants to tell donors, “By helping us, you’re not only helping us get an education. You’re also helping Palestine because we want to give back to our community, and we’re going to be the builders of the coming generation.”


Diana Alzamareh was born in Ukraine to a Palestinian father and Ukrainian mother and moved to Bethany, Palestine, at the age of four. A dedicated student, she graduated from the Orthodox School of Bethany and received a scholarship to pursue an associate’s degree at Joliet Junior College in Illinois. She stood out at Joliet, maintaining a 4.0 GPA and joining the prestigious Phi Theta Kappa Honors Society. Determined to continue her education in the United States, she sought the help of AMIDEAST and the Hope Fund. Today, as a student at the State University of New York in Binghamton, she is pursuing a bachelor’s degree in biomedical engineering. “I feel very lucky and I’m very thankful,” Diana says. “Receiving this scholarship doesn’t just encourage me to do well in school, it also motivates me to be a good human being, and to help my community here and in Palestine.”


Iyad Amer is an inquisitive young man, majoring in biomedical engineering with a concentration in cell and tissue engineering at the University of Rochester. Despite facing many challenges growing up in East Nablus, near Balata refugee camp, he excelled scholastically, maintaining a 4.0 GPA at Pioneers Baccalaureate School and joining the Competitive College Club at AMIDEAST. He is interested in cutting-edge medical technology and is already working at the university medical center to research 3-D printing organs for transplant. In the future, he dreams of founding a medical technology company in Palestine that he hopes will help establish a new industry. “When you come [to the United States], you know it’s your responsibility to go back [to Palestine] and change it,” Iyad says. “I think that health and medical technology is one of the ways that Palestine and the Middle East in general could benefit.”


Sereen Assi comes from Ramallah, where she spent nine years in an UNRWA school before attending a public high school. She also participated in the two-year Access Program, which she credits with improving her English, leadership, and public speaking skills. Her flair for English reading and writing led to several notable achievements and prizes, helping her qualify for the MEPI Lincoln Incentive Grants Program. She is excited to pursue her diverse interests at the University of Rochester, where she is majoring in computer science. “I would like to thank each and every donor who is helping students like me go from small places to big places like Rochester and the United States. It is truly inspirational,” Sereen says.


Aziza El-Banna grew up in Saida, Lebanon, as a third-generation Palestinian refugee, unable to obtain Lebanese citizenship due to her status. While her parents were financially unable to attend college, they have actively supported Aziza and her five older sisters in obtaining higher education, and she is now the sixth child in her family to attend university abroad and the fourth to be awarded a Hope Fund scholarship. The YES program alumna is now studying clinical psychology at St. Olaf College, with hopes of one day earning her PhD and opening a free clinic to offer services to underprivileged patients. “Without the Hope Fund, I could not have been here, and my dream would never happen,” she asserts, adding, “when we get educated, we actually can then help other people get educated. You’re basically helping generations, not only one generation.”


Razan Hamed is studying astronomy, physics, and communications at Roanoke College. She grew up with her three siblings in Al-Bireh, in the West Bank, and faced financial hardship throughout her childhood as her father was unable to work due to disability. Despite the challenges she faced, she excelled in school and was selected for the Access Program and MEPI Lincoln Incentive Grants Program. She loves languages and has studied Spanish, Hebrew, and German in addition to English. Receiving the Hope Fund scholarship motivates her to give back in the future, she says. “I really want to help other people as I was helped […] it’s like a circle. It doesn’t just stop [with] one person; it doesn’t stop here.”


Hanaa Ibrahim will begin her studies in spring 2018 at Kenyon College, where she plans to major in neuroscience with a minor in English. Hanaa excelled at Holy Family School in Gaza City, where she grew up. Her passion for writing was evident early on. She was selected to write and deliver the English version of the graduation speech and spent a summer as a teaching assistant in an English language summer program for young children, where she served as their mentor and hosted sessions on short-story writing. She was also selected to participate in a creative writing program in Norway, but was unable to attend due to a border closure. Hanaa is an accomplished performer of the traditional Palestinian dance, the dabkeh, as well as passionate about learning other languages.


Mohammed Najjar will begin his studies in mechanical engineering at the University of Bridgeport in spring 2018. A dedicated student, he studied at UNRWA schools and attended Arafat Gifted Secondary School. In addition to maintaining a perfect GPA in high school, he took classes at AMIDEAST to improve his English and participated in the MEPI Lincoln Incentive Grants Program. During high school, he volunteered in a program that aims to improve the leadership and interpersonal skills of children. He then worked in mental health support in both his high school as part of a peer support group for fellow students with mild depression and in the Gaza Community Mental Health Program, where he assisted with psychological treatment for Palestinians, especially children, who had been traumatized through repeated cycles of violence.


Fatima Shaat is a biomedical engineering major at Union College in Upstate New York. Growing up in Rafah, Gaza, she engaged in numerous school activities, such as serving as president of her school’s parliament, belonging to the science club, and playing on the basketball team. She was also involved in several international initiatives, including an UNRWA human rights trip in 2013, the Seeds of Peace camp in 2015, and the Yale Young Global Scholars Applied Science and Engineering session in 2016. To Fatima, the Hope Fund is not only enabling her to pursue her education, it also provides a supportive community—and she is thankful to all the Hope Fund supporters. “You don’t know how important it is,” she says. “Maybe you see it as a small action […] but you’re actually creating opportunities and a path for us in life.”


Meet our current Hope Fund scholars!


Dalia Aita is a passionate young woman who aspires to a career in science. Her path to a scholarship at the New College in Sarasota, Florida, began in ninth grade, when she was accepted to the highly competitive English Access Microscholarship (Access) Program in Rafah, the Gaza Strip. An excellent student, Dalia was selected to spend a year in Oregon on the Kennedy-Lugar Youth Exchange and Study (YES) Program and afterwards qualified for two other competitive scholarship programs: the Abraham Lincoln Grant program and the Hope Fund.  Dalia appreciates the freedom that the Hope Fund scholarship has given her. “Back home, I didn’t have the chance to express who I truly was. I was in a bubble,” she recalls. “Now I have a lot of opportunities, now I am open to the world.”


Mohammed Al-Asttal comes from Khan Yunis City in the Gaza Strip and is a freshman at the University of Oregon, thinking of double-majoring in international studies and business or civil society, fields that he believes will best prepare him to make an impact in his community. Mohammed grew up amid the anxiety and unrest typical of a childhood in Gaza. But a chance during eighth grade at his UNRWA school to join the Access Program, along with a year spent as a YES student in Oregon, changed his view of the world and his possibilities. As he begins his university studies, Mohammed appreciates the new “turning point” that the Hope Fund has offered for his life. In his words, “The Hope Fund is life changing. It’s definitely given me hope for a better future.”


Basel Arafat is excited to begin his studies at the University of Richmond, where he plans to major in computer science — his dream since he was seven years old — and minor in physics or mathematics. Basel, who grew up in Nablus, will also continue his love for track and field and cross country, a passion nourished during the year of high school that he spent in the United States with the YES Program. Happy to be in a challenging college environment, Basel says, “The Hope Fund means a lot to me because it’s an exceptional opportunity … It has really opened a lot of doors to me.” Looking ahead to the future, he adds that he hopes to have an opportunity to return to Palestine some day “to bring back what I’ve learned here …. Giving back is important to me because it’s like how I would feel good about myself.”


Yazan Ba’ara describes himself as inquisitive by nature, a dedicated student, and a self-starter who is committed to social entrepreneurship — traits that will serve him well at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he plans to double major in mechanical engineering and business. Although originally from Nablus, Yazan spent his early years in Saudi Arabia before settling with his family in Amman to complete high school and, he notes, get closer to his Palestinian roots. As he did so, he was motivated to volunteer as a mentor to Palestinian orphans and support other activities that further educational opportunity for underprivileged children — reflecting a degree of commitment that he expects will shape his long-term goals. “For me, giving isn’t for show. It’s for a real cause. It’s for furthering the Palestinian diaspora. It’s about the making the Arab world a more knowledgeable place to be.”


Mohammed El-Kurd came to the Hope Fund with a compelling story that has already garnered international media attention via a documentary focused on the impact on his life of the confiscation of his family’s home by settlers in Sheikh Jarrah, East Jerusalem. He is a prolific and talented poet and writer, plus a painter and sketch artist.  He aspires to become a writer who contributes to his country’s cultural, artistic, and political life, as well as a voice for his people to the outside world. By studying in the United States, he hopes to acquire the education he needs to become an influential bilingual writer. “I’m beyond grateful for this opportunity,” Mohammed says. “The Hope Fund is not only investing in us as individual people, but in a whole homeland.”


Agnes Handal grew up in Bethlehem, where she graduated from Terra Sancta Sisters of Saint Joseph Girls School. She spent her junior year of high school as a YES student in Indiana, where she received a “scholar-athlete” award recognizing her high GPA and participation in varsity track, a sport not offered in her home country. Agnes has an eye on a career in international diplomacy in order to represent her country, and is therefore thinking of double-majoring in international relations and creative writing or public affairs. She has already participated in a panel discussion about the Palestinian issue at Roanoke College, where she is happy to be beginning her freshman year: “I love the community. People care about you and they show love, and I love it.”


Born and raised in Gaza, Iyad Hmidat is driven by a dream of a better future for his country and people. At Bridgewater College, he is double majoring in political science and economics with a minor in global studies as he seeks the education and practical experience that will help him achieve his goal of becoming a diplomat for Palestine and helping to provide solutions to the problems facing his society. Iyad attributes his decision to study in the United States, first as a YES student in high school and then as an undergraduate, to his conviction that, by sharing the experiences and knowledge he gains abroad, he can help find “solutions to some of our problems that we struggle [with] back home.”   Iyad, who has amply demonstrated that conviction through many hours of community service during his YES year and in Gaza, adds, “The Hope Fund gave me the chance to follow my dreams.


Growing up in Sidon, Yusuf Qaddura experienced firsthand the challenges that face Palestinians in Lebanon. After making the difficult transition from an UNRWA school in a refugee camp to a Lebanese high school, he was desperate for a college education that would allow him to pursue his passion for computers and mathematics. Through the Competitive College Club at AMIDEAST/Beirut and the Hope Fund, he earned a scholarship from Swarthmore College, where he is double majoring in computer science and applied mathematics. Yusuf hopes to obtain a doctorate that opens the door to a teaching or research career. He would also like to spread interest in mathematics among Arab youth and thereby advance their analytical skills.  “People living in such detrimental conditions, specifically in the refugee camps, find brilliant ways in order to facilitate their lives,” he observes. ”The youth especially deserve the opportunity that I got through the Hope Fund.”


Sami Zimmo participated in the YES and Abraham Lincoln programs before coming to the Hope Fund. An outstanding, passionate student who has always striven to be on top, he received a scholarship from Washington and Jefferson College through the Hope Fund. Sami aims to pursue a degree in engineering and believes that the Hope Fund program will enhance his potential and life skills. His departure from Gaza was too late for him to begin his studies this fall, but we look forward to his arrival in time for spring semester!



Said Alhosseini is a smart and driven young man with dreams undeterred by his experience growing up in war-torn Gaza Strip. After a year in the United States on the Kennedy-Lugar Youth Exchange and Study (YES) Program, he became one of the most active YES alumni in Gaza, bringing back the spirit of volunteerism and community service to help his community. Said’s multiple interests are a good match for the kind of multi-disciplinary liberal arts education offered by St. Olaf College. His many interests and potential major fields of study include international relations, politics, sociology, and anthropology.


Fayza El Banna, an outstanding student with well-rounded interest, is majoring in biology at Carleton College. As a Palestinian refugee from Lebanon, she received her education from public and UNRWA  schools. Her fear of an uncertain future has pushed her to excel in her studies and seize every possible opportunity to become a better leader. She believes that becoming a Hope Fund student was the most important step toward achieving her goal of pursuing college studies in the U.S. Fayza hopes to attend medical school and pursue a career in medicine that enables her to provide medical relief for the deprived people in her society.


Suhaila El Banna plans to major in political science and environmental science at Hollins College. She cares strongly about human, environmental and women rights causes and selected a pre-law program because she wishes to spend her life fighting for justice and equality and helping the people in her society to become more tolerant and accepting of one another. A Palestinian refugee in Lebanon who faced many obstacles, Suhaila thanks the Hope Fund for helping her to overcome her financial difficulties and putting her on a path towards realizing her potential.


Layal Issa was born and raised in Tripoli, Libya, and now lives in Saida, Lebanon. She has decided to pursue a degree in public affairs in order to be part of positive change and development in her community. She would like to be a public speaker, an event planner, or a manager who contributes to the well-being of her community. She also plans to launch a youth empowerment organization. Layal believes that the Hope Fund has allowed her to make her dreams come true and looks forward to fulfilling her goals at Columbia College.


Angham Jaradat is a bright, personable, active, and well-rounded young woman who hopes one day to get an MBA after completing her undergraduate studies at Monmouth College. Angham is an alumna of three competitive U.S. Department of State programs: the English Access Microscholarship Program, the Kennedy-Lugar Youth Exchange and Study (YES) Program, and the Abraham Lincoln Incentive Grants Program. An avid chess player and a member of the Palestinian National Chess Team, she won 1st place in her high school’s chess championship and participated in three international chess tournaments. She also played varsity sports and is keenly interested in science, winning 5th place at a nationwide science fair and competition for her project on water resources in the West Bank.



My name is Ahmed Zaqout, I’m seventeen years old from Gaza, Palestine. I’m a crazy fan of soccer and tennis, I also try to play every sport my circumstances allow me to. I spend most of my free time listening and playing music even though I can’t. I have grown up in Khan Younis city in the southern part of gaza strip, I have got my education back and forth from UNRWA schools and public schools. I have always hoped for a better future for my homeland, and upon that, I decided to study political science . Besides that, as any other teenager, I am seeking success and awareness. I believe that if I spend my time doing what I am supposed to do, I will end up enlightened by the education that would lead me to the success I’m craving.


My name is Ahmad Ibrahim. I am a Palestinian refugee in Lebanon, born and raised in Nahr El-Bared camp. I am 16 years old and I just finished High school at Loyola Sacred Heart High school in Montana. I am planning to finish Mechanical engineering at Illinois college, and will be attending school there starting from this fall. I come from a poor background, and I know what life in camps is like which gave me the enthusiasm to finish my education and help those in need.The Hope Fund has made my education possible.


My name is Tala Anchassi, I am Palestinian, born and raised in Lebanon. I am passionate about the public health field and also wish to explore my interest in the arts. I plan to pursue International Health at Georgetown University and hope to have a career that allows me to promote health care in my country of residence.


I’m Saifeddin Abdalrahman. I’m seventeen. I’m from Palestine. I’ve always hoped that I will have a chance to get a scholarship to study at a university. I’m most interested in applications of science and the right use of scientific discoveries, so an Engineering major would best fit me. At the same time, many subjects in other fields of study grab my attention, and fortunately, the American system would let me take courses in whatever I’m interested in. I believe at the University of Rochester I will be prepared to return to Palestine and apply what I will have learned to make useful applications, and improve the used equipment in various aspects of life .



Hello, my name is Haya. I live in Gaza City, Gaza Strip. I have been brought up in a  loving and supporting family. My dad works in PALTEL as a manager. My mom does not work, however she is seeking to get a masters degree in Public Health in order to get a job. I have two sisters and two brothers.

I am very grateful to everyone who supported me during my life and helped me to  become who I am today. I have been achieving high academic levels throughout my school years with a 3.96 GPA during my stay in the USA as an exchange student in the 11th grade of high school (on a very competitive scholarship that I won). I was awarded for “The Outstanding Student” in Honors English, Chemistry and Pre- Calculus.  I am also an active member in the voluntary work and projects that are held  by different organizations. I was accepted in Gettysburg College, Pennsylvania. I have  always wanted to major in Business Administration, but I am having second thoughts about changing that to International Affairs. My dream is not just to be a successful leader and a manager but also to be a creative person in my job and have an impact on this world.


My name is Mohammed from Deir Albalah Camp, Gaza strip, Palestine. We live in a refugee camp. With my dad’s modest income from his small aluminum workshop he has managed to raise us instilling good ethics and ambitions in where we are all supposed to give a helping hand.  Working at such a young age has led me to take responsibility and accept life’s challenges.  I got my admission for fall 2013 in an American Honors College called the International Horizons College in Dubai. And now after finishing my first years with a GPA of 3.82 I will be continuing my education at Bridgewater College in Virginia.

I have participated in many writing workshops and competitions hoping that my words would be heard.  I was chosen to represent Palestine in an international writing program.  I was also honored in the field of sports as the best goalkeeper in the entire camp. The Hope Fund has given me a lifetime chance. I want to be an ambassador for my people to tell how humane we are.


My name is Hashem.  I am from the Arroub refugee camp outside of Hebron in the West Bank.  Most of the social services in the camp are provided by or directly affiliated with UNRWA.  My family’s UNRWA card qualifies us for free medical and educational services, as well as basic food supplies at times.  My family has been suffering from a financial dilemma since 1996.  My father has been working alone to support our livelihood and education.  His salary is definitely not enough to cover our needs.  Although we used to get help from UNRWA, they shrank their services in the refugee camps throughout Palestine.

I view the next step of my educational evolution as expanding the depth of my experience through studies abroad at Earlham College, Indiana.  This will afford me, in these tumultuous times, the introspection necessary to implement real change when I return home.  Through my experiences, I learned that many leaders and successful people can start from economic poverty and become intellectually rich.


My name is Ammar and I am from Attil, Tulkarm. I have five siblings of which two of them attended a public two-year college. My father works at a clothing shop in Aqaba. I received a merit scholarship to King’s Academy, one of the most elite schools in Jordan and the region, for three years, and it surely directed me to the right path of seeking a successful future.

Now I study Mechanical Engineering at IHC in Dubai. My dream is to become an automotive engineer and open up my own automobile company in Jordan to support my family and give my sixty-two year old dad a break from working.

Hopefully if I make enough money in the near future, I will support unlucky students to pursue  their passion in life and not let their financial status bring them down. This is because I know exactly how it feels to have a potential and no luck, and how depressing it can be for unfortunate students not to have a chance in life.


My name is Ali. I am a Palestinian refugee living in Tyre in Southern Lebanon. I live with my brothers and sisters in addition to my parents in Borj Alshamali camp. It was  a great opportunity to be accepted for the Hope Fund scholarship that really changed my life for the better. Even though I was ranked in the top 5% of my school with many outstanding academic achievements, my opportunities in Lebanon are very  limited.  I am going to study in Illinois in the US this year. I will study applied  physics in Augustana College for four years.


I am taking this opportunity to introduce myself as a member of the Hope Fund warm family. I am Ghida, a Palestinian refugee who was born in Lebanon.  I was raised in a modest family with my five sisters. During my school years, I attained a high average accompanied with rigorous extracurricular activities.  I am very interested in writing especially stories that carry the voices of oppressed people. One of my stories is about women’s’ rights, and it was published by UNICEF.

In the summer of 2012, the Hope Fund believed in me and gave me the chance to apply for about ten colleges in the states.  Excitedly, I am a Smithie (student in Smith College) where I will study biology, pre-medicine. I hope to pursue medicine because it is simply what I am passionate about.


My name is Hussam. I live in the Ghoro Camp, but I was born in Saida. My father passed away more than 6 years ago. My family depends on my mom’s salary. She is responsible for raising me alongside my brother and sister. My brother Ahmad suffers from a mental disorder and brain damage, which makes it impossible for him to work.  He needs financial and sympathetic support.  My sister should be in university, but because of the increase in tuition and no available scholarships, she had to drop out this semester. She will return to school if it is financially possible. I will study at Augustana College, Illinois with a double major in math and physics. I was a volunteer in a NGO and have done several projects and fundraising to continue their mission. I have always worked hard to achieve good grades.  In the future, I hope to enter graduate school and work to help my family financially.


Salam, I’m Ibrahim from Beirut, Lebanon. My father is a juice vendor, and my mother is a housewife. My father is 74 years old, so I was taught from an early age how to take responsibility and work hard to succeed. I always seek to improve my situation, and hope to be somebody one day.  I never gave up and knew that I only need a chance to change my life. Studying mechanical engineering and math in the

United States at the University of Rochester is the chance I was looking for. It is a dream come true, and an opportunity to be taught not only how to be a good engineer, but also how to become a successful person. After I finish my undergraduate education, I hope to find a great job and pursue a PhD in mathematics.  In the future, I want to; solve the remaining six of the millennium problems; win a noble prize in mathematics; build a levitating board; build a sustainable community for Palestinian refugees everywhere; and buy a house for my parents.


My name is Fatima. I am from Maghazi Camp, Gaza Strip, Palestine I have 5 sisters. My father is a retired policeman and my mother is a housewife. I came to the United States last August for a year of high school. Being in the United States is amazing.  You have the chance to explore yourself and know more about life.When I came here, I learned how to be an independent young lady, how to fight for what I believe in, and know myself more. This year in the United States was the best year in my life. The greatest experience here was senior survival. It’s a tradition at Mount Ellis Academy for the seniors to go out in the forest and explore themselves. We went to the forest with our sponsors. I built my own tent, cooked my own food, hiked several mountains, and was a social person. They taught me self defense , and also where the strongest places in my body are. We spent a week and a half there. The last day, I noticed that we – the students and the sponsors- became one big family. We took care of each other and helped each other to survive. I will never forget this experience . This fall, I am going to Illinois College and plan to major in English Literature with a minor in Business Administration.  My first year was so amazing. I can’t wait to all that it has to offer